How do we define artificial intelligence? What makes artificial intelligence different from natural intelligence? There are two main types of intelligence: natural intelligence and artificial intelligence.
Natural intelligence is the type of intelligence that living organisms are born with and acquire over their lives. This includes organic intelligence like that of humans, animals, insects, and even bacteria. It also includes collective intelligence, like a school of fish, a swarm of bees, or a colony of ants.
Artificial intelligence, however, is a type of intelligence that is not naturally occurring. It is intelligence that was created (artificially) by humans using machines. Artificial intelligence is the ability of a machine to replicate natural intelligence. This includes replicating human-like intelligence, other organic intelligence, or collective intelligence.
Essentially, if a machine is capable of recreating the same decisions and actions that a natural intelligence would produce, then it is a type of artificial intelligence.
More precisely: Artificial intelligence is the ability of a machine, to perceive an environment and to choose actions that maximize the expected likelihood, of achieving a goal.
We refer to this as the rational-agent approach to defining artificial intelligence. But this is a lot to digest at once, so let’s break things down to make things easier to understand.
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